Interesting stuff about the science of evolution and the natural world

Posts tagged ‘ancestors’

Family tree – literally

oak

Researching family history is very popular these days. With a bit of luck you might be able to go back a few generations and maybe find out who your four times great grandparents were and what they did. Going back any further begins to get a bit tricky, but I guess it’s possible to indulge in a bit of imagination. We could think of our ancestors from a thousand years ago working the land to put food on the table, or from 20,000 years ago, before farming, living as hunter gatherers with very simple tools. At around 100,000 years ago, our ancestors are a relatively small population existing only in Africa, and amongst them will be our approximately 5,000 times grandparents.

Now we get to the bit that needs the mind to take a slightly bigger leap in imagination. If we could find our 250,000 times grandparents they would be apes, also living in Africa, some 6 million years ago. OK, granted this is nothing new – ever since the famous cartoon of the head of Darwin on the body of an ape, from 1871 – but it’s quite sobering to remind ourselves of the closeness we share with the rest of the natural world, and the fact that we are not so different from other animals.

So we can keep going back through our direct ancestors – to a primitive primate, then the first shrew-like mammal, an early reptile (or synapsid, to be correct), the first land vertebrate, a fish, a marine worm, a very simple multicellular animal, a single celled animal and right back to bacteria.

But with ancestry, you’re not restricted to direct ancestors, you could also consider other branches to your family tree – your cousins. First cousins share the same grandparents, second cousins great grandparents, and so on. Using these links we can begin to find our relationships to other animals not within our direct ancestry. But now comes the bit that gets a bit more weird, to me anyway, but still doesn’t cross the line into fiction. If we go back to a linking ancestor way back in the time of single celled life and follow a different lineage to the present we would find that, for example, our cousin was an oak tree – in fact all oak trees and all plants. It’s impossible to know the correct numbers but I guess it could be something like a 100 billionth cousin many million times removed. And this means an actual cousin, not using it as a metaphor for species evolution. All individual oak trees are our literal cousins, albeit somewhat distant.

I think I have a new found respect for the tree huggers.

oak2